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RULES & DECISIONS of Golf 2013-2014
Royal & Ancient of St. Andrews. No. 90

GA HANDICAP STATUS – Golflink

There are six different types of status that may apply to a GA Handicap. Only one status will apply to a GA Handicap at any given time. The six different types of status are as follows:

1. Unallocated GA Handicap - A player’s GA Handicap status is “Unallocated” when they have a GOLF Link record which contains less than three 18-hole Differentials, and when none of the other five handicap status options apply (an 18-hole Differential created from the combination of two 9-hole Differentials will be considered to be an 18-hole Differential for this purpose.

2. Normal GA Handicap - This is the default status for a GA Handicap. It applies when the player’s GOLF Link record contains more than two 18-hole Differentials, and when none of the other five handicap status options apply (an 18-hole Differential created from the combination of two 9-hole Differentials will be considered to be an 18-hole Differential for this purpose).

3. Frozen GA Handicap - A Frozen GA Handicap is a GA Handicap that is not permitted to increase beyond a specific value for a stipulated period of time in accordance with Section 15, an option implemented where a player is considered to have manipulated a handicap.

4. Provisional GA Handicap - A handicap will lose its full status in the event that a player should accrue in their most recent 20 Actual Scores five or more entries with a status of ‘No Score – Not Approved’ (note: full status is automatically regained upon the number of ‘No Score – Not Approved’ entries in the player’s most recent 20 Actual Scores decreasing to four or less). Such a handicap will be known as a “Provisional GA Handicap”. GA recommends that players with Provisional GA Handicaps will not be eligible to win prizes in competitions which have as a condition of entry a requirement that competitors hold GA Handicaps.

Note – A number of Provisional Handicaps appeared on our first official Slope day of Saturday the 25th January, meaning that the players would as provisional GA handicappers be not placed in the results listing as was featured in the club leader board display on the day.

Your Golflink GA handicap listing will have a complete red square in the first column (Rnd) indicating an NSNA result for the day. Five or more of these showing automatically conveys the GA handicap as ‘Provisional’ though not stating so.

However, the Captain has for an introduction period of one month, suspended this function and will include all players returning a score card in all official competition results until March.

Reminder, that all score cards should be returned irrespective of the reason for a no score.
The term ‘NCR’ (No Card Returned) has no further official use in the handicapping system.

5. Suspended GA Handicap - A Suspended GA Handicap is a GA Handicap that has been rendered completely inactive for a stipulated period of time (or a stipulated minimum period of time) in accordance with Section 15, an option implemented where a player is considered to have manipulated a handicap.

6. Lapsed GA Handicap - A player’s GA Handicap is considered to be “Lapsed” if they are not a current member of an affiliated body and if they have a GOLF Link record which contains more than two 18-hole Differentials, and when none of the other five handicap status options apply. (an 18-hole Differential created from the combination of two 9-hole Differentials will be considered to be an 18-hole Differential for this purpose).

Golf Quip:- The only time my prayers are never answered is playing golf. ~ Billy Graham

A Match Committee Initiative
Rockhampton Golf Club Inc.

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RULES & DECISIONS of Golf 2013-2014
Royal & Ancient of St. Andrews. No. 97

GAINING AN INITIAL GA (Golf Australia) HANDICAP.

Newly accepted members to the game of golf are issued with an individual Golflink number. Golflink is Golf Australia’s official computer registration system for every golfer in Australia.

On record is everyone’s GA handicap, adjusted regularly, accordingly up or down as to a players result performance per competition game played.

To gain an initial GA handicap, the process is as follows:

  1. A GA handicap will be issued after submission of three game score cards.

  2. The best of the three results is used to calculate the first GA handicap.

Until this process is fulfilled, the golfer has no GA handicap and unable to compete in normal golf competitions.

Club policy adoption for Initial GA handicap golfers.

Under the GA Slope Handicap system, all game score card results irrespective of game type played, are converted to stableford points prior to processing. We do not see this process happen whilst we are using the ‘Onegolf’ Tier 3 system when submitting our scores into the computer. Spare a thought for captains of clubs without Tier 3 level systems that have to so manually for all cards first.

None the less, in the case of initial GA handicappers score cards, all are still done manually.

To help with this process and to fall in line with the clubs Pace of Play policy, the match committee has adopted the following policy.

  1. All initial GA handicappers will score a stableford game irrespective of the competition played on the day.

  2. Daily Handicap for player to be, Men – 36 and Women – 45.

  3. In compliance to Pace of Play policy, if unable to score on a hole the player is to pick up.

  4. The returned Initial GA handicap score card is to be identified by placing ‘Init GA Hcap’ on the card.

Members, score card markers, field starters, course marshals and the Pro shop are advised the practice is to be introduced from Saturday the 31st August 2014.

Match Committee
Rockhampton Golf Club Inc.

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RULES & DECISIONS of Golf 2013-2014
Royal & Ancient of St. Andrews. No. 87
 

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RULES & DECISIONS of Golf 2013-2014
Royal & Ancient of St. Andrews. No. 89

DAILY SCRATCH RATING (DSR) at Work.

With the results of each game, a DSR will be calculated to determine the course difficulty as it played on the day, easy to tough.

For the avid handicap watcher and for those that have internet access, the following is a description of Golflinks player GA handicap screen, noting the differences of the Scratch Rating (CSR) of the course played on the day and the actual DSR obtained by the competition field..

Temporary Course Ratings. (Rocky reduced course length, temporary greens), First full Slope results Saturday 25th.

Handicap Score - Player actual or equivalent Stableford score irrespective of game type played.
SHA – (Stableford Handicap Adjustment - Slope implementation)
Thus used by Golflink calculations to determine Adjusted Gross scores.
In our case, a Tier 3 Golflink server does this automatically from computer score entries.

DSR - Daily Scratch Rating – (equivalent to old CCR) – calculated from player/field game performances to reflect whether the course played to a low or high difficulty on the day.
A DSR lower than the course Scratch Rating (CSR) the course difficulty is low (easier) whilst above the course Scratch Rating (CSR) the course difficulty is higher (tougher).
Then used to calculate the Handicap Difference in lieu of using the actual course Scratch
Rating
. Handicap Difference = Adjusted Gross - DSR

Scratch Rating - Actual Course Scratch Rating of golf course. (Note – Temporary Rocky Course being used)
Slope Rating - Actual Slope Course Rating of golf course. (Note – Temporary Rocky Course being used)
Par - Actual Course Par of golf course. (Note – Temporary Rocky Course being used)
Daily Handicap - Player actual competition playing handicap. (calculation player GA handicap and SCR )
Adjusted Gross - Calculated from the stableford Handicap Score. (Equivalent Nett plus Daily Handicap)
Played to - Player actual GA handicap played to on the day.
Adjusted GrossDSR (handicap difference) then rounded by the multiplication of the mean
(113) slope course rating and divided by the actual Slope Course Rating (SCR).
Thus all GA handicaps are in relation to the mean (113) Slope range.
New GA Handicap - A player new GA handicap, calculated from averaging the best 8 Played To GA handicaps of the last 20 games and then multiplied by the 0.93 slope potential factor.

Effect of using DSR. Using results of the 25th January.

  CSR DSR Course

Handicap Difference (Adjusted Gross – DSR)

  Men 70 71 Tougher Reduced by 1
  All Played To GA handicaps reduced to reflect the toughness of the course encountered by the field on the day.
  Women 71 68 Easier Increased by 3
  All Played To GA handicaps reduced to reflect the toughness of the course encountered by the field on the day.
 

Comment – An identification that player handicaps are not being severely reduced on easy days and is replicated in the reverse when the course plays its toughest.

Cap Point.
The bottom of the screen will show the Cap point (Anchor Point) of a players GA handicap.
The Cap point is the best recorded GA handicap of the last twelve month period prior to your most recent round.
If not bettered within the twelve month period, it will remain until the time period expires when the next best will be selected.

A GA handicap will not be permitted to be more than 5 strokes above your current Cap point.

Golf Quip: - Golfer: "I'd move heaven and earth to break 100 on this course."
Caddie: "Try heaven. You've already moved most of the earth.”

A Match Committee Initiative
Rockhampton Golf Club Inc.

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RULES & DECISIONS of Golf 2013-2014
Royal & Ancient of St. Andrews. No. 128

2016 – PROPOSED FOUR SIGNIFICANT RULE CHANGES. (from 1st January 2016)
 

Withdrawal of Rule 18-2b - Ball Moving After Address.

 

Its gone – unexplained ball movement at address does not incur a penalty stroke anymore.
Play the ball in its new position as it lies, still in play.

However, ball movement contributed to a players action still prevails under Rule 18-2a.
e.g. Addressing the ball and club moves twig and twig moves the ball etc.
Gets a stroke penalty and the ball must be replaced.

   

New Rule 14-1b – Anchoring the Club.

 

It’s here. As announced in May 2013, the new Rule 14-1b (Anchoring the Club) prohibits anchoring the club
either “directly” or by use of an “anchor point” in making a stroke.
The penalty is loss of hole in match play or two strokes in stroke play. 
See demo poster in club house.

   

Rule 6-6d - Wrong Score for Hole.

 

The competitor is responsible for the correctness of the score card recorded for each hole on his score card. If he returns a score for any hole lower than actually taken, he is disqualified. If he returns a score for any hole higher than actually taken, the score as returned stands.

An exception will be added to this Rule allowing a player not to be disqualified for submitting a lower score for any hole on their card for failing to include penalty strokes they did not know or aware they incurred before handing in their score card.

Rule example – Rule 15-3 Hitting a Wrong Ball – Most of us are aware or made aware we have hit a wrong ball and incur the penalty of two strokes. Further, that if we don’t correct the mistake before hitting off the next tee we are then disqualified.

Case in point – On the green, a player unaware putted a ball from a set aside ball mark that was not replaced in the original ball placing constitutes hitting a wrong ball. The new exception to the rule is saying that if a player was not aware of the condition (penalty/s) until after the submission of their card they are not disqualified, but will incur the lesser further penalties instead, plus the two stroke penalty for hitting a wrong ball.

Remembering if a player is made aware before submitting their score card they are disqualified.

   

Modification Rule 14-3 Artificial Devices, Unusual Equipment and Abnormal Use of Equipment.

  The penalty for a player’s first breach of Rule 14-3 (Artificial Devices, Unusual Equipment and Abnormal
Use of Equipment) during the round has been reduced from disqualification to loss of hole in match play
or two strokes in stroke play. The penalty for any subsequent breach of Rule 14-3 will continue to be
disqualification.

Comment: There are two changes to this Rule. The first is purely a reduction in the penalty for using a
device or equipment that is not permitted.

For example, if a player uses a swing aid while waiting on a teeing ground they incur a penalty of two
strokes, instead of being disqualified.

However, if they are silly enough to do the same thing later in the round the disqualification penalty does apply. The second change confirms that a multi-functional device, such as smart phone or PDA, may be used as a distance-measuring device (if a Local Rule permits), but must not be used to gauge or measure other conditions, where doing so would be a breach of Rule 14-3. This removes the restriction on using a smart device for distance measuring because it is capable of other functions that are not permitted, even if they are not used during the round. The player will only be penalised if they access or use such information.

Golf Quip: Golf without bunkers and hazards would be tame and monotonous. So would life. B.C. Forbes

Match Committee
Rockhampton Golf Club Inc.

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RULES & DECISIONS of Golf 2013-2014
Royal & Ancient of St. Andrews. No. 148

SLOPE HANDICAP SYSTEM

We took the American slope system and made it to suit our own and now they want to use it to make a universal handicap system across the whole golf playing world. One golf handicap no matter where you play on the globe.

Slope Australia.
Each golf course in Australia has been rated as set to Slope conditions met on each individual course across Australia for both Men and Women tees.

Where the term Slope refers to the golf course rating graphic scale (Men and Women) which slopes from the lowest slope rating of 55 to the highest at 155 with the mean being 113.

These slope rating figures do not actually represent the playing toughness of a course (easiest to the hardest), which is what the standard Course Scratch Rating (CSR) figure does for a pro off scratch.

The Slope rating of each golf course represents the hardship difference offered by that course for an amateur golfer compared to a Professional Golfer playing off scratch. Hence the higher the Slope rating the higher the handicap allowance given to amateurs.

What ever the par rating of a golf course, the professional is expected par the course off scratch as with the amateur to do the same with their slope course handicap allowance or Daily Handicap.

GA Handicap. (Australia)
Each registered golfer (professionals now included) has a GA handicap representing his golf playing potential or skill level of play.

The GA handicap is calculated from successive player score card entries to ‘Golflink’, the official Golf Australia handicap computer system.

Locally, this is done through an interface system ‘Onegolf’ where players themselves enter their own game scores after each game. The captain finalises the competition for the day and then sends off to ‘Golflink’ for player handicap recording and updating.

Handicapping Updating.
From each players submitted scores, a ‘Played to’ differential figure (as opposed to ‘Played off’) is calculated as can be seen on most competition result reports and also seen as the next, the last or twentieth place on your ‘Golflink’ history listing, pushing the original first entry off the list.

Simply, as part of your ‘Played to’ handicap formula, a Daily Scratch Rating (DSR) is used in lieu of the standard Course Scratch Rating.

Similar to the old Calculated Course Rating (CCR) but more in depth due to computer power, a DSR calculation gives some credence to the adjustment of the course scratch rating to reflect the difficulty of the course playing easier or harder on any day. Some factors used in the calculation are – Average nett score for the field, average handicap of the field, the field size, type of competition, gender of competitors.

Actual application of Daily Scratch Rating used with ‘Played to’ handicap calculation.
Case in point;- Rocky Veterans Open, Monday 15
th August. Calculated DSR for Men being 74 and Women 75, a large margin, both being above their relative standard course ratings of 72 and 73 respectively indicating a difficult day for the majority of players.

Course conditions on the day – high winds, faster dry greens and could you add a simply effect that it was a championship set course. Hardly any players met their normal Daily Handicap scoring to par, leaving very few to champion the conditions on the day.

Whether you played to your daily handicap or not, be assured your performance on the day will be compared to the rest of the playing field, not to Par, not to the Course Scratch Rating but to a calculated DSR. Your ‘Played to’ GA handicap is then calculated for that game, using the DSR, as seen on your ‘Golflink’ website live score listings.

Finally, your GA handicap is then calculated by averaging your best eight ‘played to’ entries (as highlighted) within a maximum listing of 20 and then multiplied by 0.93. A handicap reference you carry with you onto every Australian golf course.

From which your competition Daily Handicap is then calculated using the following formula.
Daily Handicap = Your GA handicap X (Slope Rating of Course being played / 113) to nearest whole number.

Match Committee
Rockhampton Golf Club Inc.

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RULES & DECISIONS of Golf 2013-2014
Royal & Ancient of St. Andrews. No. 131

TIME OF STARTING – Pace of Play Policy – Local Rule.
 

A comprehensive Pace of Play policy was introduced in 2009 to bring order into our golf play particularly large playing fields of a Saturday and special competitions as of opens and championships. The reduction of play time to around four hours was achieved through a multiple club management strategies applied at the time.
 

  (a)  A sound Pace of Play policy.
(b)  Improvement of our golf Fixture programming.
       e.g. for one, Complying game types of Men and Women, Saturday.
(c)  Standardising season time sheets, sustaining capabilities of the course and player numbers
(d)  Course management itself through green staff applications that minimise lost ball times.
(e)  Starter rosters.
(f)   Employment of Course Marshals.
 

Player compliance to Pace of Play Policy. (see fixture book)

  (a) Keep up with the group in front.
(b) Preferred 18 hole time is four hours.
 

Tee off time.

  Player Tee Off Time is the time players actually tee off the start of their game and will be when the
starter has called players to the Tee and a Clear Fairway exists to play.

Also, within the POP policy is the following –

All players are required to have registered with the Starter and ready to play at least 15 minutes prior to their ‘stipulated hit off time’.

On the big days, the starter is charged with the sole duty to deploy members to the course per the competition time sheet and competition rules. The above statement places the onus on members the conditions required by the starter to successfully dispatch golf players to a busy course.

All players (each and every competition golf member and visitor) are required to register with the starter on the day. The practice of handing out all score cards to a single player of the group will only be done when all  players in the group have been confirmed as present.

Ready to play means that all game preparations by players has been done and are ready to hit off immediately when given notice. (Comp fee paid, equipment ready, warm ups, practice, all completed – ready to play.)

The 15 minutes requirement assists the starter not only with conformation of attendance, but allows for any player enquiries and/or irregularities that can be or not be accommodated within the time sheet schedule  without compromising Pace of Play.

‘Stipulated hit off time’ is your scheduled hit off time as per the time sheet. In reality, your actual hit off time  is when the starter calls the playing group to the tee and may be earlier or later.
The starters clock is the official time piece of play.
 

Pace of Play in General.

  Pace of Play has been most successful, perfect, no. Most members agree this is so.

On any given day, a game of golf can be affected by known outside elements or even for unknown reasons things just seem not going to plan.

On the whole we are achieving around the 4 hours preferred times. Rarely later than 4 hours 30.

Three player groups and motorised golf carts are not faster in big fields, but are faster in lost time recovery.

Do we still get reports of slow play. Yes. 3-3/4 hour players waiting on 4 hour players, 4 hours players
waiting on 4-15 hour players as such, waiting on every tee.

Field leading groups, must be conscious of times, no forward group to keep up with.
 

Rule 6-3a. Time of Starting.

  The player must start at the time established by the Committee.

Note – If a player arrives ready to play within five minutes after their starting time, the penalty is loss of the first hole in match play or two strokes at the first hole in stroke play. Otherwise, breach of Rule is disqualification.

Hence it is important to notify your attendance early. The match committee thanks members for past cooperation in understanding the above format and their due diligence in the cause to make it happen.
 

Match Committee
Rockhampton Golf Club Inc.

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